This blog attempts to collate various materials in connection with the year 1735.

20111121

AV Bible Printed 1735


Roy Collier of Toccoa, Ga. flips through his family King James Version Holy Bible, printed in 1735, in a safety deposit box room at a bank. See here.

20110909

Salem, New Jersey

The original section of the Old Courthouse at the corner of Market Street and East Broadway in downtown Salem City, NJ, was built in 1735. Later additions were made which enlarged the building.

Salem, Massachusetts


Driving down Derby Street in Salem Massachusetts, it’s easy to miss this house. There are no signs along its fence that draw attention to it, nor is it part of the Salem Maritime National Historic Site. It sits off Derby Street at 27 Herbert St. Yet, this house and its occupants really were the catalyst for the development of this area that would later become the national historic site.
The land and building on it dates back to the 17th century and attest to the continuing focus of Salem on the ocean and trade.
There were house lots here in the mid 1600s with frame dwellings for a succession of mariners into the early 1700s. In 1713, John Gardner sold the property to John Langsford whose heirs sold what was then considered the Langford Estate consisting of a dwelling, bake house, shop and barn to James Lindell for £400 in 1734. He in turn sold the property to Captain Richard Derby in Sept 1735 for the same amount.
Captain Richard Derby (1712 -1783) first captained a vessel in 1735 at the age of 24. That same year, he married Mary Hodges. This house is believed to have been built in 1735-1736. It appears that he had the other buildings removed. Captain Derby added land to his house lot by lot, buying land from the Pickman family a few years later.
Captain Derby continued to captain ships for the next 21 years. Having success on the seas, he allied with Timothy Orne during the 1740s, in an effort to increase his wealth through maritime investment. More here.

20110826

March 8, 1735
The earliest North Carolina earthquake on record is that of March 8, 1735, near Bath. This event was probably less than intensity V. See the entry from the N Carolina Archive below.

Much Sickness in North Carolina.
Boston, May 5. On Friday last Capt. Cowdry arriv'd here in l2 days from Bath County of North-Carolina, and informs us that it is exceeding sickly there, especially in the North-Country, where it was judg'd above half the Inhabitants were dead; and that whole Families were carry 'd off thereby, the Distemper begins with a violent pain in the Eye, and the Sick continue but about 20 or 30 Hours before they die; He further says, that on the 8th of March last, there was a considerable Shock of an Earthquake in No. Carolina.

20110303

Rulers in the HRE

Electors
Bavaria – Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor, Elector of Bavaria (1726–1745)
Brandenburg – Frederick William I of Prussia, (as FW II, Elector of B), (1713–40)
Bohemia/Mainz ??
Cologne – Clemens August of Bavaria, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne (1723–1761)
Hanover – Georg II, Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1727–1760)
Saxony – Frederick Augustus II Elector of ... (1733-1763) (+ King of Poland)
Trier – Franz Georg von Schönborn, Archbishop-Elector ... (1729–1756)
Princes
Anhalt-Bernburg – Viktor Friedrich, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg (1721–1765)
Anhalt-Dessau – Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1693–1747)
Anhalt-Köthen – August Ludwig, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (1728–1755)
Arenberg – Leopold, Duke of Arenberg (1691–1754)
Auersperg – Heinrich Joseph Johann, Prince of Auersperg (1713–1783)
(Anhalt-Zerbst/Augsburg/Austria/Baden-Durlach/Bamberg – ?????)
Baden-Baden – Ludwig Georg Simpert, Margrave of Baden-Baden (1707–1761)
Berchtesgaden – Cajetan Anton von Notthaft, Prince-Provost ... (1732–1752)
Brandenburg-Ansbach – Karl Wilhelm Friedrich, Margrave ... (1723–1757)
B-Bayreuth – Friedrich IX, Margrave ... (1735–1763)
Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel – Karl I, Duke ... (1735–1780)
(Constance/Corvey/Eichstätt/Fulda/Hesse-Darmstadt – ?????)
Ellwangen – Franz Georg von Schönborn-Buchheim, Prince-Provost ... (1732–1756)
Freising – Johann Theodor of Bavaria, Prince-Bishop of Freising (1727–1763)
Fürstenberg – Joseph Wilhelm Ernst, Prince ... (1716–1762, Count 1704–1716)
Heitersheim – Philipp Wilhelm von Nesselrode, Prince/General Prior of Order of St John at ... (1728–54)
Hesse-Kassel – Frederick I, Landgrave ..., + King of Sweden (1730–1751)
Hildesheim – Clemens August of B, Prince-Bishop ... (1724–61, + A-E of C)
Hohenzollern-Hechingen – Friedrich Ludwig, Prince ... (1735–1750)
(Holstein-Glückstadt/Holstein-Gottorp – ??)
Kempten – Anselm Reichlin von Meldegg, Prince-Abbot of Kempten (1728–1747)
Lübeck – Adolf Friedrich, Prince-Bishop of Lübeck (1727–1750)
Mecklenburg-Schwerin – Karl Leopold, Duke ... (1713–1747)
Mecklenburg-Strelitz – Adolf Friedrich III, Duke ... (1708–1752)
Mergentheim – Clemens August of B, Prince & Grand Master Teutonic Order (1732–61)
Münster – Clemens August of B, Prince-Bishop ... (1723–61, + A-E of Cologne)
Nassau-Orange – Wilhelm IV, Prince of Nassau-Orange (1711–1751)
Osnabrück – Clemens August of B, Prince-Bishop ... (1728–61, + A-E of Cologne)
Paderborn – Clemens August of B, Prince-Bishop ... (1719–61)
Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken – Christian IV, Duke of Zweibrücken (1735–75)
P-Sulzbach – Karl Theodor, Count Palatine and Duke ... (1733–1799)
Passau – Joseph Dominicus Franz Kilian von Lamberg, Prince-Bishop ... (1723–61)
Regensburg – Johann Theodor Cardinal of Bavaria, Bishop ... (1719–1763)
(Oldenburg/Palatinate/Salm-Kyrburg/Salm-Salm/Saxe-Hildburghausen – ?????)
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld – Franz Josias, Duke ... (1735–1764)
Saxe-Gotha – Friedrich III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha (1732–1772)
Saxe-Meiningen – Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1706–1763)
Saxe-Weimar – Ernst August I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (1728–1748)
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt – Johann Friedrich, Prince ... (1744–1767)
(Schwarzburg-Sondershausen/Speyer/Württemberg/Würzburg – ????)
Strassburg – Guillaume Gaston I Cardinal de Rohan-Soubise, Prince-Bishop ... (1704-49)
Worms – Franz Georg von Schönborn, Prince-Bishop ... (1732–56, + A-E of Trier)
Counts/Prelates
Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym – Viktor I, Prince ... (1727–1772)
Bentheim – Friedrich Karl Philipp, Count of Bentheim (1731–1753)
Bentheim-Steinfurt – Karl Paul Ernst, Count of Bentheim-Steinfurt (1733–1780)
Essen – Francisca Christina von Pfalz-Sulzbach, Princess-Abbess ... (1726–1776)
Gandersheim – Elisabeth Christine of Saxe-Meiningen Princess-Abbess ... (1713–66)
Gutenzell – Bernardina von Donnerberg, Princess-Abbess of Gutenzell (1718–1747)
Herford – Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau, Princess-Abbess ... (1729–1750)
Hohenlohe-Bartenstein – Karl Philipp Franz, Prince ... (1744–63, Count 1729–44)
Hohenlohe-Langenburg – Ludwig, Count ... (1715–1764, Prince 1764–1765)
Hohenlohe-Öhringen – Johann Friedrich II, Count ... (1702–64, Prince 1764–65)
Hohenlohe-Weikersheim – Carl Ludwig, Count ... (1702–1756)
Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst – Philipp Ernst I, Prince ... (1744–53, Count 1697f)
(Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen/Hesse-Homburg/Hoogstraten – ???)
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen – Joseph Friedrich, Prince ... (1715–1769)
Isenburg – Ernst Kasimir, Count of Isenburg (1708–1749)
Isenburg-Birstein – Wolfgang Ernst I, Prince ... 1711–1744. (1744–1754)
Isenburg-Meerholz – Karl Friedrich, Count of Isenburg-Meerholz (1724–1774)
Isenburg-Wächtersbach – Ferdinand Maximilian II, Count ... (1703–1755)
Kaisersheim – Cölestin I Meermols, Prince-Abbot ...
Käppel – Sophie Charlotte Kessel von Bottlenberg, Princess-Abbess ... (1718–1748)
Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Billigheim – Johann Franz, Count ... (1699–1750)
Leiningen-D-F-Heidesheim – Christian Karl Reinhard, Count ... (1698–1766)
Leiningen-Dachsburg-Hartenburg – Friedrich Magnus, Count ... (1722–1756)
Leiningen-Emichsburg – Carl Ludwig, Count ... (1722–1747)
Lippe-Alverdissen – Friedrich Ernst, Count of Lippe-Alverdissen (1723–1749)
Lippe-Detmold – Simon August, Count of Lippe-Detmold (1734–1749)
(Lippe-Biesterfeld/Lippe-Weissenfeld/Lindau/Nassau-Weilburg/Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen – ?????)
Nassau-Saarbrücken – Wilhelm Heinrich, Count ... (1735–1768)
Nassau-Usingen – Karl, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (1718–1775)
Quedlinburg – Maria Elisabeth von Holstein-Gottorp, Princess-Abbess ... (1710–55)
Reuss-Ebersdorf – Heinrich XXIX, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf (1711–1747)
Reuss-Gera – Heinrich XXV, Count of Reuss-Gera (1735–1748)
Reuss-Obergreiz – Heinrich XI, Count of Reuss-Obergreiz (1723–1768)
Reuss-Lobenstein/Reuss-Schleiz –
Reuss-Untergreiz – Heinrich III, Count of Reuss-Untergreiz (1733–1768)
(Salm-Dhaun/Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg/Stolberg-Rossla/Stolberg-Stolberg/Weingarten/Wied – ??????)
Salm-Dyck – August Eugen Bernhard, Count (Altgraf) of Salm-Dyck (1727–1767)
Salm-Grumbach – Karl Walrad Wilhelm, Count of Salm-Grumbach (1727–1763)
Salm-Leuze – Philipp Joseph, Prince of Salm-Leuze (1716–1779)
Salm-Reifferscheid – Karl Anton Joseph, Count (Altgraf) ... (1734–1755)
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein – Karl Friedrich Wilhelm, Count ... (1735–1756)
Schaumburg-Lippe, Albrecht Wolfgang, Count ... (1728–1748)
Stolberg-Wernigerode – Christian Ernst, Count ... (1710–1771)
Waldeck-Pyrmont – Karl August Friedrich, Prince of W, Count of P (1728–1763)
Westerburg-Leiningen-Alt-Leiningen – Georg Hermann, Count ... (1720–1751)
Westerburg-L-Neu-Leiningen Bavaria Line – Georg Ernst Ludwig, Count ... (BL) (1726–65)
Westerburg-L-Alt-Leiningen Nassau Line – Georg Karl I August Ludwig, Count ... (NL) (1726–87)

People in power

Africa
Ashanti Confederacy – Opoku Ware I, Asantehene (1720–1750)
Bunyoro – Duhaga, Omukama of Bunyoro (1731–c.1782)
Dahomey – Tegbesu, King of Dahomey (1732–1774)
Ethiopia – Iyasu II, Emperor of Ethiopia, (1730–1755)
Nkore – Macwa, Omugabe of Nkole, (c.1727–c.1755)
Zulu – Mageba kaPhunga, King of the Zulu (1727–1745)

Asia
China (Qing Dynasty) –
1. Yongzheng, Emperor of China (1723–1735)
2. Qianlong, Emperor of China (1735–1796)
Japan
1. Monarch –
1. Nakamikado, Emperor of Japan (1709–1735)
2. Sakuramachi, Emperor of Japan (1735–1747)
2. Shogun (Tokugawa) – Tokugawa Yoshimune, Shogun of Japan (1716–1745)
3. Ryūkyū Kingdom – Shō Kei, King of Ryūkyū (1713–1751)
Korea (Joseon Dynasty) – Yeongjo, King of Joseon (1724–1776)

Middle East and North Africa
Morocco –
1. Abdallah, Sultan of Morocco (1729–1735)
2. Ali, Sultan of Morocco (1735–1736)
Tunis – Ali I, Bey of Tunis (1735–1756)

Europe
Denmark–Norway –
Monarch – Christian VI, King of Denmark (1730–1746)
Prime Minister –
1. Ivar Eriksen Rosencrantz, Minister of State of Denmark (1730–1735)
2. Johan Ludvig, Minister of State of Denmark (1735–1751)

France – Louis XV, King of France (1715–1774)

Great Britain –
Monarch – George II, King of Great Britain (1727–1760)
Prime Minister – Robert Walpole, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1721–1742)

Holy Roman Empire – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711–1740)

Ottoman (Turkish) Empire
Sultan – Mahmud I, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1730–1754)
Grand Vizier –
1. Hekimoglu Ali Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (1732–1735)
2. Gürcü Ismail Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (1735)

Portugal – John V, King of Portugal (1706–1750)

Prussia – Frederick William I, King of Prussia (1713–1740)

Russia – Anna Ivanovna, Tsaritsa of Russia (1730–1740)

Spain – Philip V, King of Spain (1700–1724, 1724–1746)

Sweden – Age of Liberty
Monarch – Frederick I, King of ..., also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (1720–1751)
Prime Minister – Arvid Horn, President of the Privy Council Chancellery (1710–1738)

Tuscany – Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1723–1737)

United Provinces
Estates of Friesland, Groningen, Guelders, Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland (1581–1795)
Grand Pensionary of Holland – Simon van Slingelandt (1727–1736)
Friesland – Willem IV, Stadtholder of Friesland (1711–1751)
Groningen – Willem IV, Stadtholder of Groningen (1729–1751)
Guelders – Willem IV, Stadtholder of Guelders (1722–1751)

Venice – Alvise Pisani Doge of Venice (1735–1741)

20110216

Portuguese Merchant ships

Details of Portuguese merchant ships in 1735 can be found here.

Dutch East Indiamen

A record of Dutch East India men serving in the early part of 1735 is preserved here.

20110210

Garrard

Garrard & Co (formerly Asprey & Garrard) is a luxury jewellery and silver company founded in London in 1735. Its current base is at Albemarle Street in Mayfair, London with a presence in Tokyo, New York, Dubai, Moscow and Hong Kong. It was the Crown Jeweller of the UK, charged with the upkeep of the British Crown Jewels, 1843-2007. The company that was to become Garrard was founded by George Wickes (1698–1761), who entered his mark in Goldsmith's in 1722. Wickes set up business in Threadneedle Street in the City of London in 1722; the company moved to Panton Street off Haymarket in central London in 1735 as a goldsmith and provider of jewellery and other luxury items to aristocratic patrons.

Father of Ichthyology

(Wikipedia)
Peter Artedi or Petrus Arctaedius (February 22, 1705 – September 27, 1735) was a Swedish naturalist and is known as the "father of Ichthyology."
Artedi was born in Anundsjö in the province of Ångermanland. Intending to become a clergyman, he went, in 1724, to study theology at Uppsala University, but he turned his attention to medicine and natural history, especially fish. In 1728 his countryman Linnaeus arrived in Uppsala, and a lasting friendship was formed between the two. In 1732 both left Uppsala, Artedi for England, Linnaeus for Lappland; before parting they reciprocally bequeathed to each other their manuscripts and books in the event of death.
Artedi accidentally drowned at Amsterdam, where he was engaged in cataloguing the collections of Albertus Seba, a wealthy Dutchman, who had formed what was perhaps the richest museum of his time. According to agreement, his manuscripts came into the hands of Linnaeus, and his Bibliotheca Ichthyologica and Philosophia Ichthyologica, together with a life of the author, were published at Leiden in 1738.
On his grave, an epitaph by George Shaw is engraved:

Here lies poor Artedi, in foreign land pyx'd
Not a man nor a fish, but something betwixt,
Not a man, for his life among fishes he past,
Not a fish, for he perished by water at last.

Map of Bath


Wells, Somerset

Map made by William Simes with modern walking route


Est 1735

(From Wikipedia)
Amelia County, Virginia. Created by a legislative act in 1734 and 1735 from parts of prince George and Brunswick counties. The County is named for Princess Amelia, daughter of George II.

Blancpain. Swiss luxury pen maker.

Bristol Royal Infirmary. Large teaching hospital. A wealthy city merchant, Paul Fisher, was prominent in its foundation in 1735.
Edial Hall School. Near Lichfield, it was established by Samuel Johnson, who taught Latin and Greek here to young gentlemen. Funds for the school were provided by his wife, "Tetty" Porter. It only had three pupils, one of whom was David Garrick, and it was only open for about a year, after which Johnson was forced to close it due to a lack of funds. (Pic: 1824)

Frederiksberg Palace. Baroque residence, located in Frederiksberg, Denmark, adjacent to the Copenhagen Zoo. It commands an impressive view over Frederiksberg Park, originally designed as a palace garden in the Baroque style. Constructed and extended from 1699 to 1735, the palace served as the royal family’s summer residence until the mid-19th century. Since 1869, it has housed the Royal Danish Army Officers Academy.


Pharmacy Museum, Lviv, Ukraine. The Museum was opened in 1966 in the building of an old drugstore at the corner of the Market Square. The drugstore was established in 1735 by Wilhelm Natorp, a military pharmacist. It was called "Under the Black Eagle". 


The Royal Burgess Golfing Society of Edinburgh. The oldest golfing society in the world, with references to its existence dating back to 1735.

Shepherd Market. A small square in the Mayfair area of central London Located between Piccadilly and Curzon Street, it has a village-like atmosphere. The name Mayfair was itself derived from the 15-day fair that took place on the site that is now Shepherd Market. The fair was banned in 1708 due to disturbances. Subsequently, the local architect and developer, Edward Shepherd, was commissioned to develop the site during 1735–46. The development included paved alleys, a duck pond, a two-storey market, and a theatre.
University of Miskolc, Hungary. The university is the successor of the University of Mining and Metallurgy of Selmecbánya (established in 1735), which was the first school under non-ecclesiastical control in the Habsburg Empire.

Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. A scholarly publishing house based in Göttingen, Germany. It was founded in 1735 by Abraham Vandenhoeck (1700-1750) in connection with the establishment of the Georg-August-Universität in the same city.

Publications disestablished 1735

(From Wikipedia)

Daily Courant (first regular daily newspaper to be published in England. It was first published on March 11, 1702 by Edward Mallet from rooms above the White Hart pub in Fleet Street, which he described as being: "against the Ditch at Fleet Bridge". In 1735 it was merged with the Daily Gazetteer.

Hollandsche Spectator (founded in Holland by Justus van Effen, who was inspired by the British Spectator of Addison and Steele)
The Weekly Rehearsal (Founded 1731 in Boston, it was a literary newspaper. Jeremiah Gridley served as editor and publisher (1731-1733); other publishers/printers included John Draper and Thomas Fleet. In 1735 it was continued by Thomas Fleet's Boston Evening Post.

Publications est 1735

(From Wikipedia)

Boston Evening-Post
A newspaper printed in Boston, Massachusetts from August 18, 1735  until April 24, 1775. Publishers included Thomas Fleet (d.1758), Thomas Fleet Jr. (d.1797) and John Fleet (d.1806). (Predecessor The Weekly Rehearsal).


Daily Gazetteer
An English newspaper published from June 30, 1735-1746. The paper was printed for T. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater-Noster Row, London by W. Arnall et al.
(Successors: Daily Gazetteer or London Advertiser 1746-48; London Gazetteer 1748-53; Gazetteer and London Daily Advertiser 1753-64; Gazetteer and New Daily Advertiser 1764-96; Gazetteer 1796-97)

Places est 1735

(From Wikipedia)
USA
Pennsylvania
Allentown; Chanceford, East Manchester, Monaghan, Peach Bottom, Warrington, West Manchester, Windsor Townships (all in York County); Delaware Township, Pike County; Mount Joy and Penn Townships, both Lancaster County; Union Township, Adams County; Washington Township, Franklin County.

Augusta, Georgia
Blandford, Massachusetts
Ste. Genevieve, Missouri
Windham, Maine

Elsewhere
Ancasti, Argentina; Orenburg, Russia.

Elise Reimarus


Elise Reimarus was born on January 22, 1735, in Hamburg, as Margaretha Elisabeth Reimarus (she died there September 2 1805, Hamburg). She was a German writer, educator, translator and salon-holder. She was the sister of Johann Albert Heinrich Reimarus and the daughter of Hermann Samuel Reimarus. A large book in English appeared about her in 2005.

Johannes Scheuchzer

1735 saw the publication of a 4 volume work by Johannes Jacob Scheuchzer entitled Physica Sacra. Christie's describes it thus
'In Scheuchzer's gigantic work, Physica Sacra, the Baroque attains, philosophically as well as artistically, its high point and its conclusion' (Faber du Faur, German Baroque Literature, p. 472). Scheuchzer, a doctor and natural scientist from Zurich, planned the Physica sacra as an explanation of and a commentary on the Bible on natural-scientific grounds. He himself oversaw the illustrations which were largely based on his own natural history cabinet or on other famous European cabinets of rare specimens...'