This blog attempts to collate various materials in connection with the year 1735.


Wesley's Journal 09

[Dec 1735]
Wednesday 10, We sailed from Cowes, and in the afternoon past the Needles. Here the ragged rocks, with the waves dashing and foaming at the foot of them, and the white side of the island rising to such a height, perpendicular from the beach, gave a strong idea of Him that spanneth the heavens, and holdeth the waters in the hollow of his hand! Today I spoke closely on the head of religion, to one I had talked with once or twice before. Afterwards she said, with many tears, "My mother died when I was but ten years old. Some of her last words were, 'Child, fear God, and though you lose me you shall never want a friend.' I have now found a friend when I most wanted, and least expected one."

From this day to the 14th, being in the Bay of Biscay, the sea was very rough. Mr Delamotte and many others were more sick than ever: Mr Ingham a little; I not at all. But the 14th being a calm day, most of the sick were cured at once.

Thurs. 18, One who was big with child, in a high fever, and almost wasted away with a violent cough, desired to receive the Holy Communion before she died. At the hour of her receiving, she began to recover, and in a few days was entirely out of danger.

Sunday 21, We had fifteen communicants, which was our usual number on Sundays; on Christmas Day we had nineteen; but on New-year's-Day, fifteen only.

Wesley's Journal 08

Tuesday, Dec 2,
I had much satisfaction in conversing with one that was very ill and very serious. But in a few days she recovered from her sickness and from her seriousness together.
Sunday 7, Finding nature did not require so frequent supplies as we had been accustomed to, we agreed to leave off suppers; from doing which we have hitherto found no inconvenience ...

Wesley's Journal 07

[November 1735]
Thursday 20, We fell down into Yarmouth Roads ; but the next day were forced back to Cowes. During our stay here there were several storms; in one of which two ships in Yarmouth Roads were lost. The contrary winds gave my brother an opportunity of complying with the desire of the Minister of Cowes, and preaching there three or four times. The poor people flocked together in great numbers. We distributed a few little books among the more serious of them, which they received with all possible expressions of thankfulness.

Friday 21, One recovering from a dangerous illness, desired to be instructed in the nature of the Lord's supper. I thought it concerned her to be first instructed in the nature of Christianity; and accordingly fixt an hour a day to read with her in Mr. Law's Treatise on Christian Perfection.

Sunday 23, At night I was waked by the tossing of the ship and roaring of the wind, and plainly shewed, I was unfit, for I was unwilling to die.

Russo-Turkish War

There has been more than one war between Russia and Turkey or the Ottoman Empire. One occurred 1735-39.
By the outbreak of war, Russia had managed to secure a favourable international situation by signing a few treaties with Persia, 1732-1735, (which was at war with Turkey 1730-36) and supporting the accession to the Polish throne of Augustus III (1735) instead of the French protege Stanislaw I Leszczynski, nominated by pro-Turkish France. Austria was Russia's ally since 1726.
The casus belli was the raids of the Crimean Tatars on Ukraine at the end of 1735 and the Crimean khan's military campaign in the Caucasus. In 1736, the Russian commanders envisioned the seizure of Azov and the Crimea.
In May 1736, the Russian Dnieper army (62,000 men) took by storm the Turkish fortifications at Prekop and occupied Bakhchisaray by June. However, lack of supplies coupled with the outbreak of an epidemic forced a retreat to Ukraine. The Russian Don army (28,000 men) with support from the Don Flotilla seized the fortress of Azov. In July, 1737, the first army took by storm the Turkish fortress of Ochakov. The Lacy army (already 40,000 men strong) marched into the Crimea the same month, inflicting a number of defeats on the army of the Crimean khan and capturing Karasubazar. However, Lacy and his soldiers had to leave the Crimea due to lack of supplies.
In July 1737, Austria entered the war against the Turks but was defeated a number of times. In August, Russia, Austria and the Ottoman Empire began fruitless negotiations to end the war. The Russian army had to leave Ochakov and Kinburn because of plague.
In 1739 the Turks were defeated at Stavuchany and occupied the fortress of Khotin and Jassy. However, Austria was defeated by the Turks once again and signed a separate peace treaty. This, coupled with the imminent threat of Swedish invasion, forced Russia to sign the Treaty of Nissa with Turkey, which ended the war.

Johann Philipp Krieger

Johann Philipp Krieger was born in 1651 and died July 18, 1735. Krieger was a German Baroque composer who, although not prominent, contributed quality music (such as keyboard music,trio sonatas and operas) to the 17th and 18th Century world.
As a young boy he studied with Drechsel and Joachim Schutz in Nurnberg. In his teens he studied for nearly five years as a pupil of Schröder and Förster. After returning to his home in Bayreuth he served as organist, while the Nurnberg Council promised him the first available position.
He travelled to Italy in 1673 and studied in Venice with Johann Rosenmuller and Volpe. In Rome he studied with Abbatim and Bernardo Pasquini. In 1675 he performed for Leopold I at Vienna, and was ennobled by him. He later returned to Bayreuth, and shortly thereafter visited Frankfurt and Kassel, refusing job opportunities in both places. At Halle, in 1677, he was named chamber musician and organist, became Vice-Kapellmeister in 1678 and Kapellmeister when the court moved to Weissenfels in 1680. The court’s musical establishment soon became one of Germany’s greatest. A catalogue of vocal works performed there lists over 2,000 of Krieger’s compositions along with hundreds of works by his brother Johann and other German and Italian composers.