This blog attempts to collate various materials in connection with the year 1735.


Three Deaths

August 17. Died, George James, one of the common councilmen for the ward of Aldersgate-without, and printer to the city of London. His widow carried on the business for some time, when the office of city printer was conferred on Henry Kent, printer, deputy of the ward of Broad-street.
November 10. Died, Thomas Dean, of Malden, in Kent, aged 102 years. When king Charles I. was beheaded, he was then twenty years of age, and was a fellow of University college, Oxford; but being a Catholic, was deprived at the revolution. He wrote some pieces of his religion, which were privately printed in the master's lodgings, and December 18, 1691, he stood in the pillory for concealing a libel: from that time he subsisted mostly on charity.
November 25. Died, Jacob Tonson, the second. He was the eldest son of Richard Tonson, and nephew to the first Jacob Tonson; and it appears from his will, which was made August 16, and proved December 6, 1735, that he was a bookseller, bookbinder, and stationer, all which businesses were carried on in his own house; and that he was also a printer, in partnership with John Watts. The elder Jacob probably also carried on all these several occupations.His will, which filled twenty-seven pages, written by himself, shows him not only to have abounded in wealth, but to have been a just and worthy man - according to the printed accounts of that period he was at the time of his death worth £100,000. After having devised his estates in Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, and Worcestershire, and bequeathed no less a sum than £34,000 to his three daughters and his younger son, Samuel, and disposed of his patent between his eldest sons Jacob and Richard, he mentions his uncle old Jacob Tonson, to whom he leaves fifty guineas for mourning; but, knowing his love of quiet and retirement, he says he would not burden him with the office of executor of his will. He, however, recommends his family to his uncle's care, and exhorts all his children to remember their duty to their superiors and their inferiors, tenderly adding - “And so God bless you all!” It appears by the grant and assignment of his uncle, that he was entitled to the collection of the kit-cat portraits, and that he had not long before his death erected a new room at Barn-elms, in which the pictures were then hung. Seventeen days after his death old Jacob Tonson made his will, in which he confirmed a settlement that he had made on him, (probably at the time of his marriage) and appointed his great nephew, Jacob Tonson, the eldest son of the former Jacob, his executor and residuary legatee.

Duke d'Aiguillon

In this year the Duke d'Aiguillon erected a printing press at Vérets, his country seat, in the province of Touraine, at which was printed a collection of French pieces, bearing the imprint of Ancona, in this year; it is said that only seven or twelve copies of this work were struck off.

Christopher Saur

In this year Christopher Saur, a German, established a press at Germantown, Pennsylvania, and the establishment was carried to considerable extent and eminence by his son. Thomas, in his History of Printing, reports of him, that “his was by far the most extensive book manufactory then, and for many years afterwards, in the British American colonies. It occasioned the establishment of several binderies, a paper-mill, and a foundry for English and German types.” At this foundry, which was one of the earliest erected throughout the whole of British America, Saur cast types, not only for himself, but for other German printers. He also manufactured his own ink. Among other works, three editions of the German Bible issued from his press; viz. in the years 1743, 1762 and 1776. The greater part of this last impression, consisting of 3000 copies, was most singularly and unfortunately disposed of “The property of Saur was much injured by the revolutionary war, particularly by the battle of Germantown, in 1777. To preserve the residue of it from being destroyed by the British, he went to Philadelphia; his estate was confiscated before the close of the war, and his books, bound and unbound, were sold: among these was the principal part of the last edition of the Bible in sheets; some copies of them had been before, and others of them were now, converted into cartridges, and thus used, not for the salvation of men's souls, but for the destruction of their bodies.” In the summer of 1739, Saur commenced a newspaper in German.


Death of Thomas Lewis Welsh Baptist Minister

Born c. 1671, son and heir of John Lewis, landed gentleman and Baptist of Glascwm, Radnorshire. who experienced persecution in the Restoration. The son, like his father, became a member of the Baptist church at Leominster c. 1692 or at least before 1694 and is believed to have started to preach soon afterwards. He had left Leominster before 1707 and had incorporated the Baptists of east Radnorshire into a church at Glascwm and New Radnor. He was very active among them and is said (Dr John Evans ‘Return’ (1715)) to have had a congregation of 400. In 1728, in company with Thomas Evans, brother of Caleb Evans, minister at Pentre, Radnorshire, he was appointed distributor for Wales of the Baptist Fund. He was buried in a burial-ground at Glascwm which his father had given to the church.


The Cause of God and Truth

It was in 1735 that the first part of The cause of God and Truth by Dr John Gill (1597-1671) appeared. There were to be four parts in all. The final preface of the massive work begins

It should be known by the reader, that the following work was undertaken and begun about the year 1733 or 1734, at which time Dr. Whitby's Discourse on the Five Points was reprinted, judged to be a masterpiece on the subject, in the English tongue, and accounted an unanswerable one; and it was almost in the mouth of everyone, as an objection to the Calvinists, Why do not ye answer Dr. Whitby?
Induced hereby, I determined to give it another reading, and found myself inclined to answer it, and thought this was a very proper and seasonable time to engage in such a work.
In the year 1735, the First Part of this work was published, in which are considered the several passages of Scripture made us of by Dr. Whitby and others in favour of the Universal Scheme, and against the Calvinistic Scheme, in which their arguments and objections are answered, and the several passages set in a just and proper light. These, and what are contained in the following Part in favour of the Particular Scheme, are extracted from Sermons delivered in a Wednesday evening's lecture.