This blog attempts to collate various materials in connection with the year 1735.


Portuguese Merchant ships

Details of Portuguese merchant ships in 1735 can be found here.

Dutch East Indiamen

A record of Dutch East India men serving in the early part of 1735 is preserved here.



Garrard & Co (formerly Asprey & Garrard) is a luxury jewellery and silver company founded in London in 1735. Its current base is at Albemarle Street in Mayfair, London with a presence in Tokyo, New York, Dubai, Moscow and Hong Kong. It was the Crown Jeweller of the UK, charged with the upkeep of the British Crown Jewels, 1843-2007. The company that was to become Garrard was founded by George Wickes (1698–1761), who entered his mark in Goldsmith's in 1722. Wickes set up business in Threadneedle Street in the City of London in 1722; the company moved to Panton Street off Haymarket in central London in 1735 as a goldsmith and provider of jewellery and other luxury items to aristocratic patrons.

Father of Ichthyology

Peter Artedi or Petrus Arctaedius (February 22, 1705 – September 27, 1735) was a Swedish naturalist and is known as the "father of Ichthyology."
Artedi was born in Anundsjö in the province of Ångermanland. Intending to become a clergyman, he went, in 1724, to study theology at Uppsala University, but he turned his attention to medicine and natural history, especially fish. In 1728 his countryman Linnaeus arrived in Uppsala, and a lasting friendship was formed between the two. In 1732 both left Uppsala, Artedi for England, Linnaeus for Lappland; before parting they reciprocally bequeathed to each other their manuscripts and books in the event of death.
Artedi accidentally drowned at Amsterdam, where he was engaged in cataloguing the collections of Albertus Seba, a wealthy Dutchman, who had formed what was perhaps the richest museum of his time. According to agreement, his manuscripts came into the hands of Linnaeus, and his Bibliotheca Ichthyologica and Philosophia Ichthyologica, together with a life of the author, were published at Leiden in 1738.
On his grave, an epitaph by George Shaw is engraved:

Here lies poor Artedi, in foreign land pyx'd
Not a man nor a fish, but something betwixt,
Not a man, for his life among fishes he past,
Not a fish, for he perished by water at last.

Map of Bath

Wells, Somerset

Map made by William Simes with modern walking route

Est 1735 Again

(From Wikipedia)
Amelia County, Virginia. Created by a legislative act in 1734 and 1735 from parts of prince George and Brunswick counties. The County is named for Princess Amelia, daughter of George II.

Blancpain. Swiss luxury pen maker.

Bristol Royal Infirmary. Large teaching hospital. A wealthy city merchant, Paul Fisher, was prominent in its foundation in 1735.
Edial Hall School. Near Lichfield, it was established by Samuel Johnson, who taught Latin and Greek here to young gentlemen. Funds for the school were provided by his wife, "Tetty" Porter. It only had three pupils, one of whom was David Garrick, and it was only open for about a year, after which Johnson was forced to close it due to a lack of funds. (Pic: 1824)

Frederiksberg Palace. Baroque residence, located in Frederiksberg, Denmark, adjacent to the Copenhagen Zoo. It commands an impressive view over Frederiksberg Park, originally designed as a palace garden in the Baroque style. Constructed and extended from 1699 to 1735, the palace served as the royal family’s summer residence until the mid-19th century. Since 1869, it has housed the Royal Danish Army Officers Academy.

Pharmacy Museum, Lviv, Ukraine. The Museum was opened in 1966 in the building of an old drugstore at the corner of the Market Square. The drugstore was established in 1735 by Wilhelm Natorp, a military pharmacist. It was called "Under the Black Eagle". 

The Royal Burgess Golfing Society of Edinburgh. The oldest golfing society in the world, with references to its existence dating back to 1735.

Shepherd Market. A small square in the Mayfair area of central London Located between Piccadilly and Curzon Street, it has a village-like atmosphere. The name Mayfair was itself derived from the 15-day fair that took place on the site that is now Shepherd Market. The fair was banned in 1708 due to disturbances. Subsequently, the local architect and developer, Edward Shepherd, was commissioned to develop the site during 1735–46. The development included paved alleys, a duck pond, a two-storey market, and a theatre.
University of Miskolc, Hungary. The university is the successor of the University of Mining and Metallurgy of Selmecbánya (established in 1735), which was the first school under non-ecclesiastical control in the Habsburg Empire.

Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. A scholarly publishing house based in Göttingen, Germany. It was founded in 1735 by Abraham Vandenhoeck (1700-1750) in connection with the establishment of the Georg-August-Universität in the same city.

Publications disestablished 1735

(From Wikipedia)

Daily Courant (first regular daily newspaper to be published in England. It was first published on March 11, 1702 by Edward Mallet from rooms above the White Hart pub in Fleet Street, which he described as being: "against the Ditch at Fleet Bridge". In 1735 it was merged with the Daily Gazetteer.

Hollandsche Spectator (founded in Holland by Justus van Effen, who was inspired by the British Spectator of Addison and Steele)
The Weekly Rehearsal (Founded 1731 in Boston, it was a literary newspaper. Jeremiah Gridley served as editor and publisher (1731-1733); other publishers/printers included John Draper and Thomas Fleet. In 1735 it was continued by Thomas Fleet's Boston Evening Post.

Publications est 1735

(From Wikipedia)

Boston Evening-Post
A newspaper printed in Boston, Massachusetts from August 18, 1735  until April 24, 1775. Publishers included Thomas Fleet (d.1758), Thomas Fleet Jr. (d.1797) and John Fleet (d.1806). (Predecessor The Weekly Rehearsal).

Daily Gazetteer
An English newspaper published from June 30, 1735-1746. The paper was printed for T. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater-Noster Row, London by W. Arnall et al.
(Successors: Daily Gazetteer or London Advertiser 1746-48; London Gazetteer 1748-53; Gazetteer and London Daily Advertiser 1753-64; Gazetteer and New Daily Advertiser 1764-96; Gazetteer 1796-97)

Places est 1735

(From Wikipedia)
Allentown; Chanceford, East Manchester, Monaghan, Peach Bottom, Warrington, West Manchester, Windsor Townships (all in York County); Delaware Township, Pike County; Mount Joy and Penn Townships, both Lancaster County; Union Township, Adams County; Washington Township, Franklin County.

Augusta, Georgia
Blandford, Massachusetts
Ste. Genevieve, Missouri
Windham, Maine

Ancasti, Argentina; Orenburg, Russia.

Elise Reimarus

Elise Reimarus was born on January 22, 1735, in Hamburg, as Margaretha Elisabeth Reimarus (she died there September 2 1805, Hamburg). She was a German writer, educator, translator and salon-holder. She was the sister of Johann Albert Heinrich Reimarus and the daughter of Hermann Samuel Reimarus. A large book in English appeared about her in 2005.

Johannes Scheuchzer

1735 saw the publication of a 4 volume work by Johannes Jacob Scheuchzer entitled Physica Sacra. Christie's describes it thus
'In Scheuchzer's gigantic work, Physica Sacra, the Baroque attains, philosophically as well as artistically, its high point and its conclusion' (Faber du Faur, German Baroque Literature, p. 472). Scheuchzer, a doctor and natural scientist from Zurich, planned the Physica sacra as an explanation of and a commentary on the Bible on natural-scientific grounds. He himself oversaw the illustrations which were largely based on his own natural history cabinet or on other famous European cabinets of rare specimens...'